What is VAT?

VAT is a consumption tax that is added to the cost of things that we buy at each stage of manufacturing and selling. This tax is paid by the person that is buying any goods or services, but businesses collect this amount and give it to the government. It is a source of revenue for the government, and the government uses this money to provide services. So, you might sometimes come across questions like does gross include vat, the answer lies in this article.

how to calculate vat

How to calculate VAT:

Calculating VAT includes the total amount of tax money that is added to the price of things other than the original price.

VAT Amount= Original price x VAT Rate

In this calculation formula, the original price is the actual price of the goods that is added before VAT, and the VAT rate is a specific percentage of tax set by the government for goods and services. Thus mastering how to calculate vat is crucial for businesses and individuals to know the exact amount of tax they need to pay.

How to work out VAT:

Working out or calculating VAT is easy by using the formula mentioned above. Let’s understand this thoroughly through an example:

Suppose you are buying a product that is worth $100, and the VAT rate is 20%.

VAT Amount= $100 x 0.20= $20

So according to this case, the VAT is 20%, making the total price including VAT $120.

Does Gross include VAT?

Yes, the gross price which is the total price of the product includes VAT. When you see a price tagged as gross or included VAT, it means it already has the VAT amount included. This is the final amount that the consumer pays at the counter, covering both the actual price of the product and the tax included. So, the answer of does gross include Vat is absolutely yes.

How to Work Out VAT from Gross:

At times, you know only the original price of the product with VAT (gross price) and want to work out the VAT amount from the gross price. You can do this by reverse calculation:

VAT Amount= Gross amount / (1+VAT Rate)

For example, if the price of the product is $120 including the VAT and the VAT rate is 20%:

VAT Amount= $120 / (1+0.20) = $120 /1.20= $120

So according to this case, the VAT amount would be $20.

Examples and Scenarios:

To make the VAT concept clearer here are a few scenarios:

Example 1: Calculating VAT

Total price: $60 and VAT Rate is 15% so VAT amount would be:

VAT Amount = $60 x 0.15= $9

So, the total price including VAT amount is: $60 + $9 = $69

Example 2: Calculating VAT from Gross:

Knowing how to work out VAT from gross is a little bit trickier than simply calculating VAT.

Gross amount: $160 and VAT Rate is 20% so the VAT amount would be:

 VAT Amount = $160 / (1 + 0.20) = $160 / 1.20 = 133.3

Managing different VAT Rates:

Keep in mind that several things have different VAT rates and various things require no VAT at all. Some things have even lower or zero VAT rates. Therefore, it is important to know the appropriate VAT rate for the specific thing you are dealing with.

VAT amount Rounding rules:

While calculating VAT, round off the VAT amount to the nearest or upcoming number. The final price to be shown to the customers will be the value rounded according to the VAT amount rounding rules.

Understanding VAT inclusive and Exclusive pricing:

When calculating taxes like VAT two pricing methods are used: VAT inclusive pricing and VAT Exclusive pricing.

VAT Inclusive Pricing: In this pricing method the total price which is displayed on any good or service has already included the VAT amount.  It means the customer pays the price which is showing the VAT is already included in that amount. In this pricing method knowing how to work out vat from gross is crucial to know the amount of tax you’re paying on each purchase.  This method makes the transaction simple for customers, as they already know the total amount of the goods they need to pay.

VAT Exclusive pricing: In this pricing method the total displayed price of the product does not include the VAT amount. The Vat amount is added to the original price at the time of purchase. For example, if you see a price tag of some product is $600 and the price is VAT exclusive, you need to pay at the counter those $600 plus the VAT amount. By using this pricing technique businesses can communicate the original price of their product or service.

VAT calculation tools:

VAT calculation tools are simpler ways to calculate the exact vat amount. These tools are available online to assist you in quickly calculating the VAT amount from the gross. Moreover, these tools have clear instructions on calculating vat and how to work out vat from gross amounts.

Record Keeping and Compliance:

Calculating accurate VAT amounts is super crucial for keeping taxation records and compliance. It’s important to keep the records of every stuff you purchase or sell such as invoices, receipts, and added Vat in. You will need this data while inquired by the tax people or when you will need to give info or submit VAT returns to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC).


Calculating VAT from gross amount is the main aspect of pricing and transactions for businesses and individuals alike in the UK. Mastering how to calculate VAT is important for businesses and people alike. Understanding the art of calculating VAT, working out VAT, and knowing how to work out VAT from gross amounts enables you to make correct financial decisions and confirm accurate taxation. VAT rules are different for different places so make sure to know the rules of taxation where you are living.

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Published On: August 25th, 2023 / Total Views: 157 / Daily Views: 1 /

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